View Shopping Cart Your Famous Chinese Account Shopping Help Famous Chinese Homepage China Chinese Chinese Culture Chinese Restaurant & Chinese Food Travel to China Chinese Economy & Chinese Trade Chinese Medicine & Chinese Herb Chinese Art
March 8, 2014
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
Music of Xinjiang


Xinjiang|Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region is dominated by Uighurs, a Turkic peoples|Turkic people related to others from Central Asia. There is much variation in the music of Xinjiang, including unique regional differences in Ili, Kashi, Hotan and Aksu. The southern area includes the simple songs of Hotan, the dance-oriented music of the Kuga and the complexly rhythmic songs of the Kashgar. Ili has perhaps the most well-known musical tradition in Xinjiang, including a number of emotional tunes that are narrative in form.

The Uighurs' best-known musical form is the Muqam|On Ikki Muqam, a complex suite of twelve sections related to Uzbekistan|Uzbek and Tajikistan|Tajik forms. These complex symphonies vary wildly between suites in the same muqam, and are built on a seven-note scale. Instruments typically include dap (a drum), dulcimers, fiddles and lutes; performers have some space for personal embellishments, especially in the percussion. However, there is much variation on the number and kind of instruments used in the performance of a muqam.

The sanam tradition is a kind of dance music popular among the Uighurs, while spoken songs like Maida, Eytixish and Kuxak are popular love songs with simple tunes.

Traditional folk instruments include the konghou and pipa, which were found in Qiuci during the Sui and Tang dynasties, and then spread to East Asia. The rawap, tanbur and dutar are three very important instruments in Uighur music; they are all strings and are respectively high-, middle- and low-pitched.

The most popular performer of recent times is Turdi Akhun, who recorded most of the muqams in the 1950s. A regional popular music industry arose in the 1980s, alongside Deng Xiaoping's loosening of cultural restrictions. The resulting pop industry produced bands like Shireli, whose 1995 "" was a reggaeish version of a local folk song. Later prominent musicians include Pasha Isha, ?sk?r and his band Grey Wolf (band)|Grey Wolf, Abdulla Abdurehim and Alim Jan, who appeared in such international releases as the soundtrack to Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, where he plays the stringed rawap. Jan's father was also a renowned folk musician, known as Tursun Tanbur due to his skill with the tanbur, a stringed instrument like a lock-necked lute. Rock and roll|Rock and Heavy metal music|heavy metal bands like T?klimakan and Riw?yat are also well-known in Xinjiang, as is the flamenco guitar stylings of the Gipsy Kings.

  • detailed history

Category:Xinjiang Category:Chinese music Category:Central Asian music

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Music of Xinjiang".

Last Modified:   2005-03-09

All informatin on the site is © 2002-2005. Last revised: January 2, 2004
Are you interested in our site or/and want to use our information? please read how to contact us and our copyrights.
To post your business in our web site? please click here. To send any comments to us, please use the Feedback.
To let us provide you with high quality information, you can help us by making a more or less donation: