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March 8, 2014
Table of Contents
1 Introduction
Zhang Chunqiao


Zhang Chunqiao (Chinese language|Chinese: 張春橋, pinyin Zhāng Chūnqi?o, Wade-Giles: Chang Chun-chiao) (born 1917) was a member of the Gang of Four (China)|Gang of Four.

He worked as a writer in Shanghai in the 1930s. After the Yan'an conference in 1938, he joined the Communist Party of China. With the creation of the People's Republic of China, he became a prominent journalist in Shanghai in charge of the Liberation Daily (Jiefang Ribao). He met Jiang Qing in Shanghai and helped to launch the Cultural Revolution.

In February 1967 he organized the Shanghai Commune. In April 1969 he joined the Central Committee and in 1973 he was promoted to the Permanent Committee. In January 1975 he became second deputy Prime Minister. His attempt to promote himself higher in the party's hierarchy ended when he was arrested in October 1976. He was sentenced to death, but his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.

He was released for medical reasons in August 2002 and was arranged to live in obscurity back in Shanghai.

Among those calling themselves Maoist outside China, a large perhaps majority portion still uphold the theories of Zhang Chunqiao. His most widely respected article is "On Exercising All-Round Dictatorship over the Bourgeoisie," in which he explained the bases and extent of the problem of the bourgeoisie in China and what would have to be done to prevent capitalist restoration.

  • "On Exercising All-Round Dictatorship over the Bourgeoisie"

Category:1917 births|Zhang

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Zhang Chunqiao".

Last Modified:   2005-04-13

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